Israel took out the Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981

I included the uniqueness of nuclear weapons as a threat to systemic stability:

The destructive potential of nuclear weapons is so enormous as to call into question any and all received rules of international law regarding the transboundary use of force. Many of the old rationales for these rules no longer apply. nAt the same time, the shared values underlying the rules apply more emphatically than ever, for the stake is global survival. …      There are several constraints implicit in the foregoing arguments:

(1) The preemptive strike has to be against a nuclear weapons facility, and not against any other kind of weaponry;

(2) The target state must be a rogue state in the sense that it is unstable and is likely to use its nuclear weapons for international blackmail and aggrandizement;

(3) The preemptive strike must be limited to the nuclear facility target and must be carried out with the least possible loss of life; and

(4) The international community must be de facto disabled from carrying out the strike itself, thus implicitly authorizing an attack state to act as proxy for the international community.    -Anthony d’Amato, 1996,, at p. 4 of http://anthonydamato.law.northwestern.edu/Adobefiles/A961-Isr.pdf

Unknown-1.jpeg -d’Amato

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