news archives on PRC

Posted on November 24, 2006 at 3:45:08 PM PST by Shadow

Why Red China Targeted the Clinton White House

By Timothy W. Maier Writing for Insight Magazine 

Beijing’s leaders have set their sights on American encryption and satellite technologies that, once obtained, could kill vital U.S. intelligence operations worldwide. The covert plot was launched in 1992 — the same year Chinese operatives signed a military intelligence agreement to share secrets with Russia.

Red Chinese spies are among us. Their infiltration is so deep, say U.S. intelligence experts, that the prime targets appear to be America’s super-secret encryption and satellite technologies.  Once obtained, their possession by Beijing could provide access to the most sensitive U.S. military secrets and wreck American intelligence-gathering worldwide. Interviews with Russian and U.S. intelligence specialists indicate that China also has plotted covertly to acquire top U.S. computer technology to disrupt U.S. intelligence operations and prevent American spies from monitoring Red Chinese activities.

. . . . The current problem involves Bill Clinton’s Chinese friendships, fund-raising and what some consider the president’s contempt for security.  But it began much earlier.

. . . . In the 1970s, under the leadership of then-Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the United States became a willing partner of Beijing by providing computer technology for Chinese missiles, ostensibly for defense against a Beijing feared Russian invasion.  Senior U.S. intelligence sources say those missiles now are pointed at Los Angeles, Hawaii or Alaska.  In the meantime,Kissinger has become a multimillionaire trade partner for American firms conducting business in China.  And,as Premier Li Peng publicly has stated, “Chinese will never forget the contributions made by Kissinger” (see “Lion Dancing With Wolves,” April 21).

. . . . Two decades later the policy of building up the Red China military continues.  Insight has learned that a covert operation run by the CIA and National Security Council, or NSC, last year resulted in providing Beijing with missile hardware and software including programming and targeting capabilities and guidance systems, according to sources familiar with that operation.  The NSC supposedly arranged the deal to set up a disinformation campaign in which future U.S. data might be used to disrupt Chinese intelligence, the sources say.  “This was real-time data gone – maybe 10, 20, 30 billion dollars’ worth of technology,” one source says.  “The thought was that we had to give away some good stuff for them to take the bad stuff.”

. . . . A 1995 General Accounting Office, or GAO, report ordered by the Pentagon and State Department and critical of exports to China portrays the United States as being a blind trading partner of China.  The unclassified report shows that the United States approved 67 export licenses to China for military-industrial products between 1990 and 1993, including $530 million of missile-related technology.  “The Department of Justice is concerned the Department of Commerce might not be identifying or seeking interagency concurrence on all potential missile technology export-license applications,” the report declares.

. . . . According to William Triplett II, former chief Republican counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the British and French were furious when Clinton dismantled the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls, or COCOM – an international arrangement to prevent export of military high-tech. That decision, he says, secured the export to Russia and China this year of supercomputers capable of building sophisticated nuclear-guidance systems.              http://209.157.64.200/focus/f-news/1743611/posts

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7-13-04  BEIJING — Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU – News) today announced a network optimization contract with Hubei Unicom, a provincial subsidiary of China Unicom, for its optical transmission network in Hubei province.  This marks the first mesh deployment of LambdaUnite® MSS in a China Unicom network.  Lucent’s solution will significantly enhance network reliability, flexibility, and scalability for future business growth of the optical transmission backbone in China’s Hubei province.
According to the terms of the contract, Lucent will supply the LambdaUnite® Multi-Service Switch (MSS), a next-generation optical transport system and switch, as well as the WaveStar® ADM16/1 and Navis® Optical Management System (OMS). The intelligent control plane on the LambdaUnite® MSS will allow Hubei Unicom to quickly “turn up” its network as new network elements are added, and it also gives Hubei the ability to offer differentiated end-customer services with different levels of protection able to be provisioned flexibly for each service.

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China involved in Pak-N Korea nuke deal: Experts

[ Sunday, December 08, 2002 08:24:25 pmPTI ]

WASHINGTON:  China played a key role in persuading North Korea to supply medium-range missiles for Pakistan in return for Pakistani nuclear weapons know-how, as also in providing key components for Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and North Korea’s missile programmes, according to two China experts.
China arranged medium range missiles for Pakistan, as the M-11 missiles it had supplied Pakistan would not reach the critical military facilities on India’s east coast, said Edward Timperlake and William C Triplett, authors of Red Dragon Rising.
China wanted Pakistan to be able to strike critical Indian military facilities on east coast, but did not want to be caught transferring longer-range missiles to Pakistan.
Therefore, China brokered a deal, by which North Korea would provide Pakistan the medium range missiles capable of hitting India’s east coast and in return Pakistan would provide North Korea the nuclear weapons know-how, the experts wrote in Washington Times on Sunday.
American-built C-130 transport aircraft of the Pakistan Air Force have been shuttling between Islamabad and Pyongyang trading nuclear enrichment technology and equipment for long-range missiles, refuelling at Chinese Air Force bases in Western China at least twice.
“We do not know if the C-130s have loaded additional cargo while they were on the ground in China,” say Timperlake and Triplett, “but there was certainly an opportunity for Beijing to add some ring magnets on the Islamabad-to-Pyongyang leg and some critical missile gear on the return trip to Pakistan.”
The team of Chinese officials who arranged these deals was headed by General Xiong Guangkai, China’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, who is paying an official visit to Washington on Monday at the invitation of the Bush administration.
The invitation to General Xiong, say Timperlake and Triplett, “appears to be Beijing’s price for a lower level of obstructionism at the UN on the Iraq question and his mission is to restart the US-China military-to-military talks.”
It was General Xiong who had threatened to incinerate Los Angeles with nuclear weapons if the US attempted to help Taiwan against a Chinese invasion.
Timperlake and Triplett said evidence is now beginning to emerge pointing to the General as more of a principal, than an accessory in the nuclear weapons-for-balltic missile swap between Pakistan and North Korea.
“We believe General Xiong is either the People’s Liberation Army broker for the North Korea-Pakistan swap or he sits on an as-yet-unidentified committee that brokers this trade. The evidence points in this direction.”
In early August 1998, General Xiong was in North Korea for a visit.  After a “decent interval” of about a month, North Korea electrified Japan by firing a multistage missile over the home islands. “This is the same missile or versions of it, is the subject of the trade with Pakistan,” say the experts.
In the spring this year, General Xiong showed up in Islamabad to sign Joint Military Production and Joint Defence Agreements with Pakistan.
“General Xiong’s appearance at both ends of the Pakistan-North Korean weapons of mass destruction pipeline is both significant and ominous,” say the experts.
Given the distaste for the US-China defence meetings since the Clinton years, say Timperlake and Triplett, it is doubtful that the Pentagon would be hosting General Xiong and his team next week.
“They (Pentagon) were drafted on this one.  In light of the nuclear threat against Los Angeles and the high likelihood that General Xiong is brokering weapons of mass destruction, it will be interesting to see who volunteers to have his or her picture taken with him,” they wrote.
There probably would not be a North Korean long-range missile programme today without critical help from Chinese People’s Liberation Army scientists, say Timperlake and Triplett.
In 1994, one stage of the new North Korean missile was found to be a copy of the Chinese CSS-2 missile, which was possible either by physical transfer of such a missile or with the help of engineers familiar with the programme.
Around the same time, Pakistan’s gas centrifuge nuclear weapons programme also had a “made in China” look to it, the experts said.
The gas centrifuge nuclear enrichment process requires ring magnets for its operation, and China is the world’s leader in samarium-cobalt ring magnets.
The Washington Times broke the story of Beijing’s delivery of thousands of ring magnets to Pakistan in 1996, the same type Beijing sold to Saddam Hussein just before the Gulf War.

3-19-02.  Pakistan’s strategic weapons program simply would not exist without vigorous Chinese participation.  Beijing has been instrumental with regard to the nuclear fissile materials, weaponization and the ballistic missile delivery system.  Following on from the Iranian example, there is much more in the PLA inventory that could be transferred to make South Asia an even more dangerous place – ballistic missile upgrades, biological warfare equipment and technology, cruise missiles, chemical weapons equipment and technology, information warfare techniques and so on.

One wonders how Pakistan will pay for the new Chinese arms and military technology – increase taxes on the people of Pakistan or some other way?  Pakistan wants renewed access to Western military hardware.  Export control officers in Western countries will wonder if anything transferred to Pakistan will remain in country or if it will be passed to Beijing in part-payment of Pakistan’s arms debts.

The PRC is clearly the biggest winner here.  It cements the relationship between the PLA and the Pakistani military officials who run the country.  If, as many Indians believe, the PRC has a Grand Design to surround and strangle India, these agreements certainly would further such a plan.  Much as the Gulf might like to show Islamic solidarity to Pakistan, forward-looking officials there must be equally concerned about the long-term implications of these agreements.

Pakistan and the Pakistani people are just as clearly the biggest losers.  After September 11 and with the military cooperation regarding Afghanistan, the Americans had looked for a course change in Pakistani politics.  We had hoped that Pakistan’s political and military leadership would see the wisdom of a sharp break with the past.  Pakistan should be tying its future to the world grouping of moderate and democratic countries, not aligning itself with the likes of anti-democratic regimes in China, North Korea, Burma and Cambodia.
In Goethe’s classic, “Faust,” a proud and ambitious man sold his own soul to the Prince of Darkness in order to gain power on earth. President Musharraf has pledged the future of his entire country to Gen. Xiong.
-William C. Triplett II, a defense specialist, is completing a book on Taiwan.

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China, Russia, U.S. Jointly Build, Manage Fiber-optic Network

Links in Northern Hemisphere promote cooperation in science, education

By Cheryl Pellerin
Washington File Staff Writer
 

This article is one in a series on U.S.-China economic relations.
Washington — China, Russia and the United States have joined forces to build and manage a fiber-optic network that circles the Northern Hemisphere, creating a high-bandwidth Internet-like system that links scientists, educators and students worldwide.
The Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications (GLORIAD) is funded by government agencies in all three countries. The network also features partnerships with the world’s most advanced research and engineering infrastructures in Korea, the Netherlands and Canada.
Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Sunday, June 23, 2002

US Fiber Optic Giant Expands Business in China

The United States-based OFS, the world’s second largest designer, manufacturer and supplier of cutting-edge fiber optic products, announced here Saturday that it will set up an office in the Chinese capital and expand its business in China. … Eddie Edwards, OFS president and chief executive, said his company – formerly the Lucent Technologies Optical Fiber Solutions business – wanted to reopen its business in the very important Chinese market.

In November last year, Lucent sold the division to Furukawa – a Japanese optical communications giant – with minority ownership by CommScope, a leader in broadband coaxial cables. The deal included all Lucent’s patents in the field and all of its optical plants across the world except two in China.
….He said OFS will head off fierce competition and expand its market share in China through technological innovation. OFS owns more than 600 patents and employs 300 former Bell Laboratories optical designers.

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All Regional Garrisons, All General Departments Affiliated to the Central Military Commission (CMC), All Arms and Services, All Corps Headquarters, All Provincial Garrisons, and All Prefecture Garrisons: …
-Office of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China August 10, 1999
(Seal of the CMC)
…The current priority of our political work is: holding high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory, unifying closely around the Party’s Central Committee with Comrade Jiang Zemin as its core, implementing the “Requirements” adopted at the Expanded Emergency Meeting of the CMC and “OCMC Notice on the Current Situation,” further exposing and criticizing the “two country theory,” taking advantage of the strong determination of opposing the split and high emotions of nationalism and incorporate them into daily training, and ensuring that in carrying out the Party and the country’s great strategy of reunifying the motherland, the people’s army always retains firm and correct political goals, fully-charged patriotism, constant battle alert, and staunch and conquering-all operational capacity so as to make new contributions to the motherland.
(2)…After half a century’s delay, the Chinese government’s sovereignty over Taiwan has not changed; as a continuation of history, the substance of the Civil War has not changed, either. tf military actions constitutes the sole means to achieve reunification of the motherland, we must not concentrate on one point at the expense of the other.
(6) Taiwan issue directly affects the solidarity of different nationalities within our country and constitutes the most serious hidden problem that could endanger the very existence of the Chinese nation.
3) Deciding on the best timing as far as foreign relations are concerned. Internationally, the many obstacles to the resolution of Taiwan issue have been put in by the United States, while Japan has a complicated attitude towards our handling of Taiwan issue, but because of historical and geographical reasons, Japan does not have the right to comment. EU has ideas different from those of the U.S. and strategically focuses on Europe, so they do not have direct interests in Taiwan issue. In recent years, the relationships between EU and our country have been developing smoothly, and therefore it is very unlikely that EU will fight a full-scale war with us simply because of the United States.
(2) The balance of strategic weaponry. From the perspective of winning a large-scale modern war with defense as the main purpose but involving local offensives, an early war has another advantage over a later war, namely, not counting the risk of a nuclear war, our conventional forces compare favorably with those of the U.S.. From a purely technical point of view, the US armed forces indeed have no match in the world, which characteristic constitutes the fundamental strength and framework of the U.S. in fighting a war. However, what we are talking about above is the whole US military organization with its formal forces at the core, and the gigantic power also includes its advanced and powerful weaponry as well as its capability for nuclear strikes. Based on its structure, in times of strategic necessity, one third of its joint combat forces can be assembled and deployed for overseas operations within a short period of time, but this capability is limited to strategic flexibility. It may constitute a great deterrence to small military powers such as Iraq and Yugoslavia, but has no tactical advantage whatsoever in fighting against us, because we are close to home while they will be exhausted by the arduous expedition. When both sides rely mainly on missile strikes based on electronic confrontation, we evidently enjoy superiority in terms of the number of short-range and middle-range missiles.
So far the strategic superiority of the US joint forces has not been tested in a war against a big country. In contrast, using the Vietnamese War as an example, our forces do have the experience of fighting the US forces under modern warfare conditions. In that war, the Chinese forces were mainly responsible for air defense and accumulated a whole set of experience in this regard.
3) Reaction to and preparation for escalation of war. Basically, we do not foresee a nuclear war between China and the U.S., for two basic facts will prevent it. First, it is against the US interests to fight a nuclear war against China simply for Li Denghui and his followers. On this point the anti-China US politicians will have to respect public opinion within the U.S.. Our principle is “willing to sustain major losses of our armed forces to defend even just one square inch of land.” If the US forces lose thousands or hundreds of men under our powerful strikes, the anti-war sentiment within the their country will force the US government to take the same path as they did in Viet Nam.
Internationally, President Jiang Zemin will go to Biskek in late September to attend the five-country summit meeting, including China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakstan, and Tajikstan. The meeting will sum up and expand cooperations in the field of security and reach agreements on reduction of armed forces stationed along the borders and establishment of military trust. During the meeting, President Jiang Zemin will hold bilateral talks with President Yeltsin on political and military exchange and cooperation in face of challenges posed by new interventions out of hegemonism in international affairs. The above efforts will not only eliminate security concerns in the rear by reducing the traditional pressure along our northeast and northwest borders, and increase the proportion of forces which can be moved to the southeast coastal regions, but also serve to ensure our exchanges with the outside world by land routes during the war. This is an important strategic decision to maintain social stability and normal exchanges with other countries in case we are forced to fight a full-scale war against the U.S.. Such a decision represents a concrete expression of the PCC’s determination to resolve Taiwan issue.
-General Political Department of the People’s Liberation Army August 1, 1999
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