Posted on November 24, 2006 at 3:45:08 PM PST by Shadow
Why Red China Targeted the Clinton White House
By Timothy W. Maier Writing for Insight Magazine
Beijing’s leaders have set their sights on American encryption and satellite technologies that, once obtained, could kill vital U.S. intelligence operations worldwide. The covert plot was launched in 1992 — the same year Chinese operatives signed a military intelligence agreement to share secrets with Russia.
Red Chinese spies are among us. Their infiltration is so deep, say U.S. intelligence experts, that the prime targets appear to be America’s super-secret encryption and satellite technologies. Once obtained, their possession by Beijing could provide access to the most sensitive U.S. military secrets and wreck American intelligence-gathering worldwide. Interviews with Russian and U.S. intelligence specialists indicate that China also has plotted covertly to acquire top U.S. computer technology to disrupt U.S. intelligence operations and prevent American spies from monitoring Red Chinese activities.
. . . . The current problem involves Bill Clinton’s Chinese friendships, fund-raising and what some consider the president’s contempt for security. But it began much earlier.
. . . . In the 1970s, under the leadership of then-Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the United States became a willing partner of Beijing by providing computer technology for Chinese missiles, ostensibly for defense against a Beijing feared Russian invasion. Senior U.S. intelligence sources say those missiles now are pointed at Los Angeles, Hawaii or Alaska. In the meantime,Kissinger has become a multimillionaire trade partner for American firms conducting business in China. And,as Premier Li Peng publicly has stated, “Chinese will never forget the contributions made by Kissinger” (see “Lion Dancing With Wolves,” April 21).
. . . . Two decades later the policy of building up the Red China military continues. Insight has learned that a covert operation run by the CIA and National Security Council, or NSC, last year resulted in providing Beijing with missile hardware and software including programming and targeting capabilities and guidance systems, according to sources familiar with that operation. The NSC supposedly arranged the deal to set up a disinformation campaign in which future U.S. data might be used to disrupt Chinese intelligence, the sources say. “This was real-time data gone – maybe 10, 20, 30 billion dollars’ worth of technology,” one source says. “The thought was that we had to give away some good stuff for them to take the bad stuff.”
. . . . A 1995 General Accounting Office, or GAO, report ordered by the Pentagon and State Department and critical of exports to China portrays the United States as being a blind trading partner of China. The unclassified report shows that the United States approved 67 export licenses to China for military-industrial products between 1990 and 1993, including $530 million of missile-related technology. “The Department of Justice is concerned the Department of Commerce might not be identifying or seeking interagency concurrence on all potential missile technology export-license applications,” the report declares.
. . . . According to William Triplett II, former chief Republican counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the British and French were furious when Clinton dismantled the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls, or COCOM – an international arrangement to prevent export of military high-tech. That decision, he says, secured the export to Russia and China this year of supercomputers capable of building sophisticated nuclear-guidance systems. http://220.127.116.11/focus/f-news/1743611/posts
7-13-04 BEIJING — Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU – News) today announced a network optimization contract with Hubei Unicom, a provincial subsidiary of China Unicom, for its optical transmission network in Hubei province. This marks the first mesh deployment of LambdaUnite® MSS in a China Unicom network. Lucent’s solution will significantly enhance network reliability, flexibility, and scalability for future business growth of the optical transmission backbone in China’s Hubei province.
According to the terms of the contract, Lucent will supply the LambdaUnite® Multi-Service Switch (MSS), a next-generation optical transport system and switch, as well as the WaveStar® ADM16/1 and Navis® Optical Management System (OMS). The intelligent control plane on the LambdaUnite® MSS will allow Hubei Unicom to quickly “turn up” its network as new network elements are added, and it also gives Hubei the ability to offer differentiated end-customer services with different levels of protection able to be provisioned flexibly for each service.
China involved in Pak-N Korea nuke deal: Experts
WASHINGTON: China played a key role in persuading North Korea to supply medium-range missiles for Pakistan in return for Pakistani nuclear weapons know-how, as also in providing key components for Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and North Korea’s missile programmes, according to two China experts.
China arranged medium range missiles for Pakistan, as the M-11 missiles it had supplied Pakistan would not reach the critical military facilities on India’s east coast, said Edward Timperlake and William C Triplett, authors of Red Dragon Rising.
China wanted Pakistan to be able to strike critical Indian military facilities on east coast, but did not want to be caught transferring longer-range missiles to Pakistan.
Therefore, China brokered a deal, by which North Korea would provide Pakistan the medium range missiles capable of hitting India’s east coast and in return Pakistan would provide North Korea the nuclear weapons know-how, the experts wrote in Washington Times on Sunday.
American-built C-130 transport aircraft of the Pakistan Air Force have been shuttling between Islamabad and Pyongyang trading nuclear enrichment technology and equipment for long-range missiles, refuelling at Chinese Air Force bases in Western China at least twice.
“We do not know if the C-130s have loaded additional cargo while they were on the ground in China,” say Timperlake and Triplett, “but there was certainly an opportunity for Beijing to add some ring magnets on the Islamabad-to-Pyongyang leg and some critical missile gear on the return trip to Pakistan.”
The team of Chinese officials who arranged these deals was headed by General Xiong Guangkai, China’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, who is paying an official visit to Washington on Monday at the invitation of the Bush administration.
The invitation to General Xiong, say Timperlake and Triplett, “appears to be Beijing’s price for a lower level of obstructionism at the UN on the Iraq question and his mission is to restart the US-China military-to-military talks.”
It was General Xiong who had threatened to incinerate Los Angeles with nuclear weapons if the US attempted to help Taiwan against a Chinese invasion.
Timperlake and Triplett said evidence is now beginning to emerge pointing to the General as more of a principal, than an accessory in the nuclear weapons-for-balltic missile swap between Pakistan and North Korea.
“We believe General Xiong is either the People’s Liberation Army broker for the North Korea-Pakistan swap or he sits on an as-yet-unidentified committee that brokers this trade. The evidence points in this direction.”
In early August 1998, General Xiong was in North Korea for a visit. After a “decent interval” of about a month, North Korea electrified Japan by firing a multistage missile over the home islands. “This is the same missile or versions of it, is the subject of the trade with Pakistan,” say the experts.
In the spring this year, General Xiong showed up in Islamabad to sign Joint Military Production and Joint Defence Agreements with Pakistan.
“General Xiong’s appearance at both ends of the Pakistan-North Korean weapons of mass destruction pipeline is both significant and ominous,” say the experts.
Given the distaste for the US-China defence meetings since the Clinton years, say Timperlake and Triplett, it is doubtful that the Pentagon would be hosting General Xiong and his team next week.
“They (Pentagon) were drafted on this one. In light of the nuclear threat against Los Angeles and the high likelihood that General Xiong is brokering weapons of mass destruction, it will be interesting to see who volunteers to have his or her picture taken with him,” they wrote.
There probably would not be a North Korean long-range missile programme today without critical help from Chinese People’s Liberation Army scientists, say Timperlake and Triplett.
In 1994, one stage of the new North Korean missile was found to be a copy of the Chinese CSS-2 missile, which was possible either by physical transfer of such a missile or with the help of engineers familiar with the programme.
Around the same time, Pakistan’s gas centrifuge nuclear weapons programme also had a “made in China” look to it, the experts said.
The gas centrifuge nuclear enrichment process requires ring magnets for its operation, and China is the world’s leader in samarium-cobalt ring magnets.
The Washington Times broke the story of Beijing’s delivery of thousands of ring magnets to Pakistan in 1996, the same type Beijing sold to Saddam Hussein just before the Gulf War.
3-19-02. Pakistan’s strategic weapons program simply would not exist without vigorous Chinese participation. Beijing has been instrumental with regard to the nuclear fissile materials, weaponization and the ballistic missile delivery system. Following on from the Iranian example, there is much more in the PLA inventory that could be transferred to make South Asia an even more dangerous place – ballistic missile upgrades, biological warfare equipment and technology, cruise missiles, chemical weapons equipment and technology, information warfare techniques and so on.
One wonders how Pakistan will pay for the new Chinese arms and military technology – increase taxes on the people of Pakistan or some other way? Pakistan wants renewed access to Western military hardware. Export control officers in Western countries will wonder if anything transferred to Pakistan will remain in country or if it will be passed to Beijing in part-payment of Pakistan’s arms debts.
The PRC is clearly the biggest winner here. It cements the relationship between the PLA and the Pakistani military officials who run the country. If, as many Indians believe, the PRC has a Grand Design to surround and strangle India, these agreements certainly would further such a plan. Much as the Gulf might like to show Islamic solidarity to Pakistan, forward-looking officials there must be equally concerned about the long-term implications of these agreements.
Pakistan and the Pakistani people are just as clearly the biggest losers. After September 11 and with the military cooperation regarding Afghanistan, the Americans had looked for a course change in Pakistani politics. We had hoped that Pakistan’s political and military leadership would see the wisdom of a sharp break with the past. Pakistan should be tying its future to the world grouping of moderate and democratic countries, not aligning itself with the likes of anti-democratic regimes in China, North Korea, Burma and Cambodia.
In Goethe’s classic, “Faust,” a proud and ambitious man sold his own soul to the Prince of Darkness in order to gain power on earth. President Musharraf has pledged the future of his entire country to Gen. Xiong.
-William C. Triplett II, a defense specialist, is completing a book on Taiwan.
China, Russia, U.S. Jointly Build, Manage Fiber-optic Network
Links in Northern Hemisphere promote cooperation in science, education
Washington File Staff Writer
|Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Sunday, June 23, 2002|
US Fiber Optic Giant Expands Business in China
The United States-based OFS, the world’s second largest designer, manufacturer and supplier of cutting-edge fiber optic products, announced here Saturday that it will set up an office in the Chinese capital and expand its business in China. … Eddie Edwards, OFS president and chief executive, said his company – formerly the Lucent Technologies Optical Fiber Solutions business – wanted to reopen its business in the very important Chinese market.
In November last year, Lucent sold the division to Furukawa – a Japanese optical communications giant – with minority ownership by CommScope, a leader in broadband coaxial cables. The deal included all Lucent’s patents in the field and all of its optical plants across the world except two in China.
1. Sept. 7 2005 (China Knowledge) – Microsoft Asia Engineering Centre has opened its Shanghai branch today and is beginning to recruit software talents from around China.
2. 2003: Bell Labs China has recorded many achievements in the research fields of mobile networking, optical networking, computer science, and the next generation Internet; Lucent’s R&D teams in China have been awarded 21 patents, and currently have numerous others in various stages of qualification. Bell Labs China has established R&D centers across the country, and the Bell Labs research organization in Beijing has established six joint labs with academic organizations such as the Chinese Academy Of Science (CAS), Peking University, Tsinghua University and Fudan University.
Tsinghua-Bell Labs Joint Laboratory on Optical Communication Networking Systems
Tsinghua-Bell Labs Joint Laboratory on Communication
Tsinghua-Bell Labs Joint Laboratory on Computer Networking
CAS-Bell Labs Joint Laboratory on Communications
Fudan-Bell Labs Joint Laboratory on Information Science and Technology
9. 2005: Despite the official cancellation of VERA-E to China, however, concerns have arisen that Beijing continues its efforts to discreetly secure the technology from the Czech Republic by incrementally acquiring components and know-how through the “backdoor” (Euro, June 2005). This can be done under the guise of civilian technology transfer whereby components of the VERA-E could be masked as elements of a passive air traffic management system for use at China’s rapidly expanding civilian airports, thus bypassing EU export controls. ERA manufactures several non-military passive radar systems for use at civilian airports whose parts and technology are similar to those of VERA-E. The most crucial components for VERA-E consist of software in the form of logorhythmic source codes that could be easily and surreptitiously transferred (Euro).
Czech Prime Minister Jiri Paroubek reportedly discussed transfer of the VERA-E during his visit official visit to China in May (Euro.). Moreover, Czech industry continues in its efforts to export non-military technologies in the form of turbines for hydroelectric power plants, machine tools and automobiles to China, and it is feared that Beijing could use this as leverage to acquire the VERA-E system as part of ongoing efforts to boost its military capabilities.
A large number of Czech politicians, especially members of the ruling Social Democratic Party (CSSD) and Communist Party (KSCM), continue to maintain close ties to the CCP (Mlada Fronta Dnes April 18). Many of these politicians enjoy a broad-base of growing support among their Czech constituencies and have publicly called for the lifting of the EU embargo on China. http://www.jamestown.org/publications_details.php?volume_id=408&issue_id=3519&article_id=2370442
10. Beijing has pursued a series of agreements that enhance China’s direct access over Egyptian port facilities along the Suez Canal through Hong Kong’s Hutchison Whampoa, Ltd., a firm reported to have close ties with the Chinese government and the PLA. China has also taken advantage of other economic opportunities in the Suez Canal zone (Al-Ahram Weekly, July 15-21, 2004, Issue No. 699). China has demonstrated an interest in securing a presence in and around strategic trade and communication choke points across the globe, as evidenced by its control of both the Atlantic and Pacific sides of the Panama Canal, also under Hutchison Whampoa, Ltd.
The China National Aero-Technology Import and Export Corporation (CATIC) recently partnered with Egypt’s A.O.I. Aircraft to jointly produce K-8E flight trainers, the largest joint venture between both countries to date (Xinhua, August 8, 2005). This venture indicates closer ties between both countries’ defense industries and military.
14. The most visible changes in the PLAAF have been the acquisition of Russian Su-27/30 multi-role aircraft and the Chinese co-production of the Su-27, known as the J-11. The PLAAF has also purchased several Russian IL-76 transports to support the airborne forces, as well as SA-10 and SA-20 surface-to-air missiles, most of which are stationed in the Beijing area. The PLAAF is also in the process of fielding its first indigenous J-10 multi-role fighters in the Chengdu Military Region. 
In late 2004, the PLAAF received its first unit of indigenous JH-7 multi-role aircraft at Hangzhou.  Naval Aviation has had the JH-7 for several years. The PLAAF is also expected to purchase the new FC-1, which has been a joint PRC-Pakistan joint venture for over a decade.  As a result, the PLAAF’s combat aircraft now have more lethal onboard weapons and longer legs than their predecessors. In addition, these new aircraft can fly in all types of weather and at night. http://www.jamestown.org/publications_details.php?volume_id=408&issue_id=3390&article_id=2369972
China Eastern Airlines selects Rockwell Collins avionics for 20 new A330s
16 June 2005
Rockwell Collins has been selected by China Eastern Airlines to provide sensors and radar equipment on 20 new Airbus A330 aircraft. Deliveries will begin in 2006.
Rockwell Collins’ GLU-920 Multi-Mode Receiver and WXR-2100 MultiScan Hazard Weather Detection System are included in the avionics package.
The GLU-920 Multi-Mode Receiver is an integrated unit that provides the aircraft’s primary position, velocity and time reference and enables precision landing capability. The advanced MMR also offers instrument landing system capability and high-integrity, satellite-based positioning for navigation and future landing functions.
The WXR-2100 MultiScan Hazard Weather Detection System offers a fully automatic radar that reduces pilot workload and enhances safety and passenger comfort by reducing unexpected turbulence encounters. MultiScan provides optimal weather detection from the nose of the aircraft to 320 nautical miles.